Pumas, Panthers & Cougars: Details About America’s Big Cats

Pumas, Panthers & Cougars: Details About America’s Big Cats

The puma may be the cat that is big of Americas. wing sign in At once, it ranged from the Yukon in Canada to your Strait of Magellan during the tip of south usa. Since these kitties had been present in a lot of places, regional tribes or explorers had their particular title for the big felines, including cougar, hill lion, Florida panther and catamount.

In fact, there are many than 80 names for the puma, more names than virtually any animal, based on the book “Cougar: The United states Lion,” by Kevin Hansen. It’s important to note, however, that pumas are not bobcats, lynxes, jaguars, cheetahs or leopards.

Typically, pumas could be identified by a tan or somewhat yellowish coating, circular face, long tail and erect ears. Males grow to six to eight foot (1.8 to 2.4 meters) long and females typical 5 to 7 foot (1.5 to 2.1 meters). Men typically weigh 110 to 180 pounds. (50 to 82 kilograms) together with feminine 80 to 130 pounds. (36 to 59 kg). A puma’s end is virtually as long as its body and head combined.

Habitat & practices

Pumas can conform to a variety that is wide of and habitats. These are generally discovered throughout Central and south usa. In united states, nonetheless, searching has paid down their range to isolated areas in Mexico, western U.S. backwoods areas, southern Florida and southwestern Canada, based on the Smithsonian National Zoological Park.

Unlike other kitties, pumas try not to reside in packs. They reside on their own in big territories, that they mark utilizing urine or feces. Pumas are solitary animals once and for all explanation. They need searching room to locate food that is enough live. Merely a pumas that are few reside in a 30-square-mile (78 square kilometers) radius.

Pumas are crepuscular animals. They hunt throughout the twilight hours of and dusk dawn. The light that is low them from their victim. Their exceptional evening vision offers these predators a definite benefit during today of time.


Pumas search utilizing stealth and power. To destroy their prey — often deer, elk or moose — the puma sneaks up behind one other animal then chomps straight down in the victim’s throat featuring its effective jaws. To really make the kill go longer, it hides its victim off their pets and consume items of the carcass for a number of times. A puma typically kills a deer every 10 to week or two, based on the hill Lion Foundation.

Pumas can drag victim times that are several fat and, because of the possibility, will hunt domestic animals, such as for instance sheep, pigs, horses as well as other livestock. They’re going to additionally consume animals that are small as porcupines, coyotes, rabbits, armadillos, capybaras, squirrels and raccoons. Some pumas hunt a lot more than others. Patagonian pumas kill around 50 per cent more prey than their united states counterparts, based on cougar biologist Mark Elbroch.


After mating, the feminine shall carry her young for the gestation amount of 84 to 106 times, based on the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Then she shall offer delivery up to a litter of 1 to six cubs. These cubs are generally covered with spots that will help them merge with regards to environments. A lady will litter have a when every couple of years.


In accordance with the incorporated Taxonomic Suggestions System (ITIS), the taxonomy of pumas is:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Puma (changed in 1993 from Felis)
  • Types: Concolor
  • Subspecies: Six subspecies are recognized: Puma concolor anthonyi, Puma concolor cabrerae, Puma concolor concolor, Puma concolor costaricensis ( Costa puma that is rican, Puma concolor couguar (Eastern puma) and Puma concolor puma.
  • Preservation status

    Pumas when ranged through the Pacific into the Atlantic, nevertheless they had been eradicated from eastern united states within 200 many years of colonization, in accordance with the Overseas Union for Conservation of Nature. Throughout the twentieth century, more and more pumas had been killed within the Midwest and Eastern United States by farmers and ranchers whom did not such as the puma stealing their livestock. Being result, pumas almost became extinct in those areas.

    The puma populace just isn’t increasing and more are increasingly being killed now than in the past as a result of habitat destruction, trophy searching, poaching, poisoning and being struck by cars on roadways (“road kill”), in line with the hill Lion Foundation.

    Pumas are detailed as “Least Concern” for extinction since they’re therefore extensive, in line with the IUCN. But, these are typically regarded as being declining, therefore the Florida panther is recognized as put at risk, as well as in Brazil, pumas are considered “Near Threatened.”

    The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service lists the Florida panther, the Costa puma that is rican the Eastern puma as endangered.

    Pumas really are a protected species in numerous areas, with searching forbidden in lots of South US countries. In the us, hunting is appropriate in several states that are western. Ca, but, banned hunting in a referendum in 1990. Searching laws have been in place in Canada, Mexico and Peru.

    Other facts

    Pumas are really athletic. They are able to run as much as 50 miles per hour (80 kph) and jump because high as 15 legs (4.6 meters).

    Pumas don’t roar. They normally use whistles, screams, squeaks and purrs to communicate. To signal to men that she is willing to mate, a female will rub against woods to go out of her fragrance or will yowl loudly so your males that are local hear her call.

    Though pumas are issues for ranchers or farmers, they usually have a extremely role that is important the surroundings. They keep populations of pets lower down in the system under control. Without them, for instance, those same farmers could have their plants overrun by hungry rabbits.

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